34 days old/days in NICU
Weight: 3 lbs 7.5 oz ( -0.5 oz)
Last night Ella got a diuretic and had a really good pee. I'd hoped it would help with her O2 needs but it didn't. She was still needing around 60% of oxygen needs, which is quite a bit. It's been slowly increasing. The doctor checked her blood gas, as well as a few other things and found that things were basically normal except her sodium and potassium were a bit low so they are going to give her supplements for that. I asked what could be causing this and they said it's probably leftover from when she was so sick and from her lung disease. Now, I didn't really know what they meant when they were talking about this "lung disease". First of all, I thought it was something that ALL preemies had and it went away. Second of all, I didn't realize that Ella still had this "lung disease". I came home and looked it up and was really surprised to learn a few things about it. It's not something that ALL preemies have and it can be long term, which they'd told me today when I asked. :( At the end of this post, I'm going to include some information I found that really simplifies it and makes it easy to understand, for those who are interested. I am more worried about this then I originally was. I didn't understand what it meant or how it's caused (check the end of the post).
|hehehe love this face|
On the bright side, last night Ella breastfed at both her 8:00 PM feeding and her 11:00 PM feeding. Well, the second one was at 10:30 because she woke up in quite the hungry rage, rooting around looking for my breast. When I brought her to breast, she latched on IMMEDIATELY and started nursing with NO issues for 14 minutes!! That's a really long time without pulling away or stopping at all. I was super excited. I expressed to the nurse that I'd like to try nursing her throughout a day and keeping track of it (called the protocol at the hospital) to see how much she's getting while nursing and if we can wean any of her tube feedings. They were thinking we might be able to do that this weekend, but with her O2 needs going up and her being kind of hazy in the lungs, we're going to have to push that back. We can still breastfeed though. On the bright side, everytime we kangaroo, Ella's O2 needs drop down quite a bit...into the high 30's or 40's. Literally, as soon as she's laid against me, her breathing evens and she needs to be turned down right away. Tonight I'm rooming in so I'll probably spend most of the evening kangarooing with her.
Chronic Lung Disease (Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia)
What is chronic lung disease?Chronic lung disease (CLD) is a general term for long-term respiratory problems in premature babies. It is also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).
What causes chronic lung disease?CLD results from lung injury to newborns who must use a mechanical ventilator and extra oxygen for breathing. The lungs of premature babies are fragile and are easily damaged. With injury, the tissues inside the lungs become inflamed and can break down causing scarring. This scarring can result in difficulty breathing and increased oxygen needs. Some of the causes of lung injury include the following:
- prematurity - the lungs, especially the air sacs, are not fully developed
- low amounts of surfactant (a substance in the lungs that helps keep the tiny air sacs open)
- oxygen use (high concentrations of oxygen can damage the cells of the lungs)
- mechanical ventilation - the pressure of air from breathing machines, suctioning of the airways, use of an endotracheal tube (ET tube - a tube placed in the trachea and connected to a breathing machine)
Who is affected by chronic lung disease?Chronic lung disease can develop in premature babies who have had mechanical ventilation (breathing machine). Risk factors for developing CLD include:
- birth at less than 30 weeks gestation
- birth weight less than 1,000 (less than 2 pounds) to 1,500 grams (3 pounds 5 ounces)
- hyaline membrane disease - lung disease of prematurity due to lack of surfactant that does not show the usual improvement by the third or fourth day.
- pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) - a problem in which air leaks out of the airways into the spaces between the small air sacs of the lungs.
- patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) - a connection between the blood vessels of the heart and lungs that does not close as it should after birth.
- premature Caucasian, male babies are at greater risk for developing BPD
- maternal womb infection (chorioamnionitis)
- a family history of asthma
- breathing problems at birth
- develop an infection during or shortly after birth
What are the symptoms of chronic lung disease?The following are the most common symptoms of CLD. However, each baby may experience different symptoms of the condition. Symptoms may include:
- respiratory distress (rapid breathing, flaring of the nostrils, grunting, chest retractions)
- continued need for mechanical ventilation or oxygen after a premature baby reaches 36 weeks gestation
How is chronic lung disease diagnosed?Because CLD is a chronic disease and appears gradually, physicians must look at several factors. It is often diagnosed when a premature baby with respiratory problems continues to need additional oxygen after reaching 28 days old. Chest x-rays compared with previous x-rays may show changes in the appearance of the lungs. The x-ray of lungs with CLD often have a bubbly, sponge-like appearance. X-rays are diagnostic tests which use invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs onto film.
Blood tests (test used to determine if enough oxygen is in the blood) and an echocardiography (test that use sound waves to create images of the heart to rule out defects) are also used to confirm causes of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
Treatment of chronic lung disease:Specific treatment for CLD will be determined by your baby's physician based on:
- your baby's gestational age, overall health, and medical history
- extent of the disease
- your baby's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
- expectations for the course of the disease
- your opinion or preference
- extra oxygen (to make up for the decreased breathing ability of the damaged lungs) and a pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is in the blood
- mechanical ventilation with gradual weaning as the baby's lungs grow and can do more of the work of breathing
- surfactant replacement
- medications such as:
- bronchodilators (to help open the airways)
- steroids (to help reduce inflammation)
- diuretics (to help reduce excess fluid in the lungs)
- antibiotics (to fight an infection)
- intravenous fluids and nutrition (to help the baby and the lungs grow). It is important to monitor the fluid intake, because excess fluids can build up in the lungs and worsen the infant's breathing ability.
- radiant warmers or incubators to keep the infant warm and decrease the risks of developing an infection
- nutrition (to help the baby and the lungs grow)
- immunization against lung infection by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza